Phlebotomist Job Description


The phlebotomist is responsible for collecting blood for donation and testing. The collected samples can then be analyzed in a diagnostic laboratory. Blood tests are used to diagnose illness, evaluate proper nutrition levels and determine the effective level of medication dosage. Phlebotomists can sample blood through a simple skin puncture or through a more complicated venipuncture procedure.




To perform a venipuncture, the phlebotomist must first locate an arm vein by applying a tourniquet to stifle blood flow.

The area is swabbed with an alcohol swab to disinfect the area inside the elbow, the most common venipuncture site, where the brachial vein is located.

A needle is inserted and the blood sample withdrawn. The phlebotomist may also obtain blood samples through a simple skin puncture, generally involving the pricking of a finger to obtain a drop of blood.

From this sample, a patient’s blood sugar or blood type can be determined.

The phlebotomist is responsible for properly sanitizing all equipment before it is used and accurately labeling all collected blood samples.

Proper storage of blood components and careful transport are also major duties. The phlebotomist must be able to focus on detail, even when under stress. Misidentification of a blood sample or contamination of a specimen can have serious consequences to patients.

Physicians and other medical professionals rely on the accuracy of blood test results to correctly diagnose patients’ conditions and assess treatment effectiveness.

Strict safety protocols must be observed to prevent transmission of potentially infectious diseases. The phlebotomist must ensure that there is no chance of transmission of diseases such as HIV and hepatitis, both of which can be transmitted through contact with blood and blood products.





Must be able to communicate with people clearly and effectively as to make an open environment and open up a dialogue for treatment.


Must be compassionate and able to empathize with a patient's pain and other difficulties. They are able to make people feel comfortable and meet them at their emotional level to humanize themselves and let people know they care.


The ability to prioritize and manage multiple tasks simultaneously.


Must be able to interact with patients and their families regardless of background.


Must work well with your hands and be accurate. You must not make patients endure being stabbed again and again unnecessarily by needles. It is up to you to collect a blood sample as seamlessly as possible.


Working Conditions


Opportunities for employment for phlebotomists are widespread and varied. Phlebotomists can be employed in clinical laboratories, community health centers, hospitals, doctor’s offices, nursing homes, blood donation centers and other health care facilities.

They generally work under the supervision of a clinical laboratory technologist or other appropriately trained medical professional.

Phlebotomists are expected to work under pressure and with potentially uncooperative patients in an accurate, safe and professional manner.

They must be well-organized with an ability to focus on detail and possess exceptional fine motor skills. During a typical work shift, a phlebotomist may be called on to perform dozens of blood draws on dozens of patients.

They must be able to accurately fulfill their job responsibilities when under potential physical and emotional stress.



Salary Outlook